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Federal lobbying spending surpassed $3.47 billion last year, a nine-year high, as influential industries tried to sway the Trump administration and Congress over policies that would hurt the bottom lines of some of the nation’s most powerful companies. 

Not accounting for inflation, lobbying spending in 2019 falls just behind the record $3.51 billion spent in 2010 amid a lobbying bonanza around the Affordable Care Act. 

The massive figure was driven by lobbying on President Donald Trump’s priorities, particularly the administration’s tariffs and trade deal with Mexico and Canada, as well as proposals in Congress to address rising drug prices and expensive surprise medical bills. As a result, several influential sectors reached all-time lobbying spending records last year.

Amid proposed overhauls to various aspects of the healthcare system, both from Congress and the Trump administration, the health sector spent a record $594 million on lobbying last year, up nearly 5 percent from 2018. 

Within the sector, the pharmaceuticals/health products industry spent a record $295 million to combat legislation from House Democrats to regulate drug prices, and to fight drug price controls proposed by the Trump administration. The Trump administration’s proposals have stalled, as has drug pricing legislation in Congress. Drugmakers were dealt one blow when the Trump administration’s industry friendly provisions in the North American trade deal were stripped from the final package amid outrage from lawmakers. 

Other major forces in the health sector, health professionals and health services/HMOs, also smashed lobbying spending records last year, while hospitals came close to the all-time high they hit in 2009. All three crucial parts of the healthcare supply chain weighed in heavily on proposed legislation to address surprise medical bills. 

Doctors, hospitals and emergency medical providers came out against bipartisan legislation to cap the amount of money patients have to pay for out-of-network services. The legislation, which would lower pay for some specialists, was opposed by these industries that said it was too favorable to insurers. Private equity firms that control physician staffing companies launched a massive “dark money” ad campaign to pressure vulnerable lawmakers over the issue, spending nearly $54 million on ads as of early January. 

Amid unprecedented lobbying efforts from these industries, the surprise billing legislation —  endorsed by Republican and Democratic leaders and the White House — did not make it into the year-end spending package that included many other add-ons. 

Trump administration action draws lobbyist response

The Trump administration’s trade wars with China, Europe and other countries attracted big lobbying spending, as did its proposed trade agreements. A record 1,430 clients reported lobbying on the issue of trade in 2019, blowing past previous years’ highs. 

Some of the largest companies in the country such as Amazon and General Motors hired Trump-tied firms to influence the administration over the issue of tariffs. Major companies are hiring Washington insiders to secure exemptions from tariffs, while less wealthy businesses have to wait in line

The transportation sector, awash with companies affected by the administration’s aggressive trade policy, spent $259 million last year, an all-time high. The air transport industry, featuring trade warring companies Boeing and Airbus, spent a record $104 million lobbying Washington. 

The Trump administration’s action on Chinese telecoms also drew a strong response from major industries. Chipmakers such as Qualcomm and Intel, along with the Semiconductor Industry Association, successfully pushed the administration to reverse its ban on U.S. companies selling to Huawei last summer. 

The larger communications/electronics sector spent a record $435 million last year, driven primarily by electronics manufacturers, as well as other industry giants including Apple, Microsoft and IBM. Apple, Amazon and Facebook set lobbying records last year amid increased pressure from lawmakers and an antitrust probe from the Department of Justice.  

Researcher Dan Auble contributed to this report.


[1] Trends in Spending • OpenSecrets ➤[2] Summary data for Donald Trump, 2020 cycle • OpenSecrets ➤[3] Health Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[4] Pharmaceuticals/Health Products Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[5] Big Pharma continues to top lobbying spending • OpenSecrets ➤[6] Big Pharma bankrolled conservative groups that pushed industry message to Trump, tax returns show • OpenSecrets ➤[7] How contentious is drug pricing in Washington? Check the receipts ➤[8] Subscribe to read | Financial Times ➤[9][10] Health Professionals Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[11] Health Services/HMOs Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[12] Hospitals/Nursing Homes Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[13][14] The Upshot ➤[15] Secretive front group targets vulnerable senators with $2.3M ad blitz over surprise medical bills fight • OpenSecrets ➤[16] Bloomberg - Are you a robot? ➤[17] Surprise medical bills legislation drives spike in Q3 lobbying spending • OpenSecrets ➤[18] The Upshot ➤[19] Trade Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[20] Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[21] General Motors Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[22] Trump-tied lobbyists press administration on tariffs, Congress not so much • OpenSecrets ➤[23] How Trump’s Trade War Is Making Lobbyists Rich And Slamming Small Businesses — ProPublica ➤[24] Transportation Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[25] Boeing Co Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[26] Airbus Group Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[27] Qualcomm Inc Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[28] OpenSecrets ➤[29] Semiconductor Industry Assn Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[30] Bloomberg - Are you a robot? ➤[31] Huawei Technologies Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[32] Communications/Electronics Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[33] Electronics Mfg & Equip Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[34] Apple Inc Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[35] Microsoft Corp Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[36] IBM Corp Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[37] Facebook Inc Lobbying Profile • OpenSecrets ➤[38] Facebook, Amazon and Apple set records in annual spending on lobbying - MarketWatch ➤