How Twitterati followed by PM Modi spread misinformation about Deepika Padukone’s ‘Chhapaak’

On the eve of January 7, Bollywood actor Deepika Padukone visited Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), expressing solidarity with the students injured in the JNU attack of January 5. A section of individuals on social media criticised the actor, terming her move a publicity stunt for her latest release ‘Chhapaak,’ a film inspired by the life story of acid attack survivor Laxmi Aggarwal.

Soon after, #BoycottChhapaak started trending with the claim that the film gave Aggarwal’s perpetrator, Naeem Khan, a Hindu identity. On January 8, Alt News reported that the allegation was false.

A disturbing trend emerged when we analysed several of the Twitter accounts that put out the said misinformation. A large section of them was anonymous users followed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi along with BJP office-bearers. Alt News found over 80 Twitter users followed by PM Modi who shared targeted misinformation about ‘Chhapaak.’

BJP leaders/ office-bearers

On January 8, the official Twitter account of BJP Jammu and Kashmir tweeted (archive link) that the party’s state president seeks an apology from Deepika Padukone for “backstabbing” the nation for standing with “tukde tukde gang”.

BJP Rajya Sabha MP Subramanian Swamy tweeted (archive link) that the “name change” amounts to defamation if found to be true.

BJP member Nandita Thakur tweeted (archive link), “If Its based on real story why change Name of the villian of the real story ?? Basheer Khan is also not acceptable.”

Jawahar Yadav, the Head of Publicity BJP Haryana, also tweeted (archive link) the trending misinformation. Piyush Fofandi, former zonal head at BJP Samvad Cell (as per his old Twitter bio which was later edited) posted (archive link) an image which said ‘Boycott Chhapaak’ and wrote, “The name of the person who did the acid attack was Nadeem but in the film it’s Rajesh. This mindset is behind to discrediting the Hindu. #बॉयकॉट_छपाक #boycottchhapaak”

[Translated from: एसिड अटैक में घायल लड़की पर तेजाब फैंकने बाला #नदीम नाम का लड़का था पर फिल्म में राजेश रखा है ।ये है उनकी मानसिकता हिन्दू को बदनाम करने की । #बॉयकॉट_छपाक  #boycottchhapaak]”

Similarly, Priyanka Sharma (archive link), a member of BJYM Howrah (as per Twitter bio) and Satish Maisuriya (archive link), Vice President Of Bhartiya Janta Party Yuva Morcho, Surat (as per bio) also tweeted misinformation about ‘Chhapaak.’

Prominent RW handles

On January 8, Prasanna Viswanathan, CEO of Swarajyamag, tweeted (archive link),The Ways Of Bollywood: In Deepika Padukone-Starer Chhapaak, Acid Attacker Naeem Khan Said To Have Become ‘Rajesh’” along with a link to an article on his publication. This was also tweeted (archive link) by Impreet Singh Bakshi, the National Secretary of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha (BJYM).

OpIndia’s Nupur Sharma tweeted, “If secularism means changing “Nadeem” to “Rajesh”, set secularism on fire.” Sharma has deleted the tweet, a screenshot is attached below. Similarly, Abhishek Banerjee who writes for OpIndia said in a tweet (archive link), “Liberals be like : When CAA is passed : We will all report ourselves as belonging to ‘secular’ religion to show solidarity. When Naeem throws acid on Laxmi’s face : Change the offender’s name to Rajesh.”

The editor-in-chief of Goa Chronicle Savio Rodrigues tweeted (archive link), “If Nadeem threw acid on the brave girl portrayed in the movie #Chhapaak in real life and it is a true story; then what happened you got scared of the Islamic radicals @deepikapadukone and named the culprit Rajesh because it easy to insult Hindus.”

Shefali Vaidya, columnist and BJP supporter, tweeted (archive link), “Waise why is the perpetrator who threw acid is called ‘Rajesh Sharma’ in that movie instead of Nadeem Khan, who was the REAL culprit who threw acid on Lakshmi Agarwal?”

Twitter user Gaurav Pradhan posted, “Laxmi Agarwal faced a brutal Acid attacked in 2005 in New Delhi by Nadeem Khan as she refused to marry him Question : Why in film @deepikapadukone changed the name “Nadeem Khan” to Hindu name “Rajesh”? Shameless Hindus will still watch film and clap.” Pradhan is a familiar name in the misinformation ecosystem. In 2018, Alt News published a report documenting the several instances of misinformation put out by him. Pradhan’s account was recently suspended by Twitter.

@RitaG74, former presenter at All India Radio (as per Twitter bio), tweeted (archive link), “Laxmi Aggarwal-A 15 year old school going girl in Delhi. Wanted to be a singer. 32 year old Nadeem Khan approached her for marriage. She rejected. Angry Nadeem Khan threw acid on her face. Laxmi’s story attracted Bollywood. Nadeem’s name changed to Rajesh #NameItLikeBolllywood”

Makarand R Paranjape, the director of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, quote-tweeted Shefali Vaidya and said, “The politics of naming in Bollywood is insidious, if not viciously anti-Hindu. But will @deepikapadukone speak out against it? Paranjape later deleted this tweet. Another account @TruelyMoica (archive link) also put out misinformation. 

Anonymous users

Several accounts that spread misinformation about the film were anonymous. The followers of these users range from a few hundred to several thousand, however together their reach is significant.

Twitter user @erbmjha, who has shared misinformation in the past, said (archive link), “1. Article 15 They turn the accused into BRAHMINS 2. Padmavat They hurt their cultural sentiments related to the respectable Rani Padmini 3. Chhapaak They changed Acid attackers name from “Nadeem” to “Rajesh” Bollywood to defame Hindus has to end.”

@Lala_The_Don tweeted (archive link), “A friend of mine who works in Bollywood told me that #Chappak dialogues are getting changed overnight and Rajesh will be renamed to Bashir before release. This is people’s power. We won! People won! Jai Hind.” This retweeted at least 1,400 times. @Lala_The_Don regularly shares posts by Political Keda, a platform that has been featured on Alt News several times for misinformation and propaganda favouring the BJP.

Similarly, @HDL_Global, in which HDL stands for Hindu Defense League, tweeted (archive link), “We won’t say boycott @deepikapadukone for her solidarity with anti Hindu brigade but #BoycottChapak for they changed the character of Nadeem to Rajesh just to defame Hindus and have no spine to stand against Islamists,” on January 8. The account regularly shared provocative tweets.

The entire list of 84 individuals along with the archived links of their tweets can be viewed below or in a PDF file here.

Twitter handle Twitter user name Twitter Bio Tweet Archive Link Rts Likes Followers
@BJP4JnK BJP J&K 68 207 49.9k
@impreetsbakshi Impreet Singh Bakshi ਇਮਪ੍ਰੀਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਬਖ਼ਸ਼ੀ National Secretary @BJYM
Incharge of @bjym4chd 3 15 9k
@jawaharyadavbjp Jawahar Yadav Former Chairman Haryana Housing Board. Former OSD to Hon’ble C.M @mlkhattar
प्रचार प्रमुख @BJP4Haryana 88 277 32.2k
@MakrandParanspe Makarand R Paranjape Director of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla 66 215 56.6k
@TrulyMonica Monica Spokeperson, Ex journalist 14 65 30k
@piyushfofandi Piyush Fofandi President : Seafood Exporter Association of India. Gujarat Region.
Ex Zonal Head : BJP Samvad Cell, 5 9 10.9k
@prasannavishy Prasanna Viswanathan CEO Swarajya Magazine 293 491 105.3k
@Priyankabjym Priyanka Sharma BYJM BJP 72 207 11k
@RitaG74 Rita🇮🇳 Former presenter at All India Radio 44 67 60.5k
@satishmaisuriya Satish Maisuriya🇮🇳 Vice President Of Bhartiy Janta Party Yuva Morcho – Surat City 2 1 3.5k
@ShefVaidya Shefali Vaidya Author, Satirist, Speaker. Fellow-Ananta Leadership Program, Convenor-Indic Academy. Love Travel, Temples And Textiles. Mum to triplets. Indian. Hindu. Woman 6.26 14k 457k
@Swamy39 Subramanian Swamy Rajya Sabha MP, Fmr. Union Cabinet Minister, Harvard Ph.D in Economics; Professor, BJP National Exec. member, I give as good as I get 21.4k 60.3k 8.4M
@VikashPreetam Vikash Preetam Sinha Co Incharge -National Publicity Literature Dept @BJP4India
, Advocate @Supreme Court 206 445 17.2k
@01Karn Karn Blogger~Nation 1st~Photography/Guitar lover~Engineer~RW~Bihari~Folk Artist(Mithila Painting)~Followed by PM Modi & HM Amit Shah~Team Epostmortem 1 1 13k
@AbhishBanerj Abhishek Asst Prof (Math),IISc Bangalore.Views personal,Blog Columns @MyNation
@Opindia_com 164 396 23k
@AjaySengar_ कुंवर अजयप्रताप सिंह ।।जय बालाजी।। ।।गोविंदा गोविंदा।। By Profession #CA_Finalist Honoured to be Followed by PM @narendramodi
ji & HM @amitshah
ji.. RTs Not Endorsement.. 601 1.1k 60.9k
@Amitguj281983 Amit Gujarathi Doctor/Medical teacher/ #NaMo for PM
#ModiDobara #AbkiBaPhirseModiSarkar #NewIndia. blessed to be followed by our PM
@narendramodi 0 1 1772
@archu243 Archie Proud Indian | Hyper Nationalist | Sapiosexual | Honoured to be followed by NaMo 26 55 24.8K
@AskTamal Tamal Das Proud to be followed by Shri
Support #CAA #NRC #UCC, Population Policy, River Linking Projects, Ram Mandir 0 2 4831
@athavale_abhi Abhi Athavale Proud of my Army, |Don’t abuse my Army and Nation| Idols J.R.D & R.Tata. Modi follower|proud to be
followed by
@narendramodi @nsitharamanoffc @PiyushGoyalOffc 0 1 4142
@bhawana_pal Bhawana Pal Seeker. Ex NCC Cadet. Honoured 2 b followed by dear PM
@tajinderbagga@kapilmishra_IND 1 5996
@binugazi binugazi NAMO in २०१९ President Police Medal For Gallantry awardee for his role in elimnating top notch militant leader Gazi Baba.Followed by
PM .Kashmir. politics 2224
@chintanvedant #साहेब Truth speaker , Follow for daily motivation , success story 7 8 16.9K
@Dev_Jurix ॐDevendra卐Sharmaॐ Advocate, against Colonial Institutions, Ex-Nat.Gen.Secretary BJMM, BJP. Honoured to be followed by Sh.Modiji 3 7 4343
@Deveshvari Esha Agerwala हवा हूँ, हवा मैं बसंती हवा हूँ। बड़ी बावली हूं बड़ी मस्तमौला…. The essence of free spirit carrying the fragrance of Bharat ki Mitti, eternally… 1 2 9886
@Dishasatra Sabudana khichadi Stag entry. Eyebrow obsessed. Nutrition Counsellor. Fashion aficionado. 79 222 30.6K
@DrGPradhan #GauravPradhan Comments w/o Prejudice #DataScience, #DigitalTransformation, #SMAC, Cyber Warfare, Global Top 100CIO, Gartner Top10 CIO, Social Entrepreneur, Founder
@GPFLive 6.5K 11.7K 191.7k
@DrSRaghavachari Dr. Suchitra Raghavachari Public policy, Science-Technology, economy, education
-Nature, arts, sports
-Medical practitioner
-‘Ekam sat vipra bhahuda vadanthi’
-‘Sarve bhavanthu sukinah’ 2058
@erbmjha BALA Concerned with something non-essential, buffoon & writer. I utter mocking or scoffing words. 1.3K 2.5K 46.5K
@ExSecular #SupportCAA Distributer of Azaadi 280 565 77.2K
Gautam Tanwar Gautam Tanwar | Nationalist🇮🇳 | Swayamsevak| Social Activist | Blessed To Be Followed By PM @narendramodi Ji | Dist. In charge (Social Media) BJP IT Department, Pali 4 17 6863
@HDL_Global Hindu Defense League Global Handle of #HDL , Managed by
@ihvinod 8 28 54.5K
@iam_manojgoenka Manoj Goenka Hardcore NaMo supporter, Followed by PM
ji, Follow me to support NaMo . RT not endorsement. #Nationalist, Love My India. Mission #Modi2024 2 7054
@iambmane Bhavesh S Mane Social Media Strategist ● Featured in
● Headed SM of Gujarat Election 2017 ● Proud Indian ● Followed by प्रधानसेवक
@Narendramodi 29 35 13.2K
@iamVaridha Varisha {इस हैंडल पर पॉलिटिक्स , ह्यूमर और मेमे के साथ बकैती उपलब्ध करायी जाएगी} #CATFISH 325 895 9675
@ihardikshah Hardik Shah // Social Media Activist Followed By PM
ji // A Big Fan of Our National President
@bjp4gujarat@bjp4india 5387
@ihiteshbansal Hitesh Bansal Social Media | Media Monitoring | Reputation Management | Right Wing Enthusiast | Nature ❤️| Learner from Life | Followed by the Honorable PM
ji 4 7 8900
@iPrabhakarSingP कूँवर प्रभाकर सिंह परिहार Nationalist | Socialists | BJP | Software Engineer |Blessed by
#IndiaSupportsCAA 2 4 34.9K
@iSurjeetSharma Surjeet Sharma | Sayamsevak | Honored to be followed by Hon’ble PM
Ji | Hindu Religion, Culture, National Security n Politics. | Tweets with Facts | Engineer | 39 31 2977
@jeetensingh Jeetendra Singh स्वतंत्रता सेनानीयों का पुत्र और पौत्र। ✴️प्रधानमंत्री के फोल्लोविंग से सम्मानित हूं।
✴️प्रधानमंत्री श्री
जी पर गर्व है। 277 450 80.8K
@jothishnair1010 JOTHISH NAIR Followed by #PrimeMinister
Writer from the Green Metropolis #Trivandrum. Screen Play, Film Writer. Ancient/Political History. 6 3 10K
@krithikasivasw krithika sivaswamy a Hindu,Tamil, Indian Entrepreneur from Chennai! Carnatic music, Bharatanatyam, wildlife conservation freak. Well, honoured to be followed by Modiji 154 475 21.9K
@Kuldeep78328755 Kuldeep Singh Nationalist…
followed by
Rts not endorsement.. 2 693
@Lala_The_Don Lä Lä Correct me if i do any Sapling wrong. HMP 1.4k 4.5k 26.1K
@Life4India अंकुश A Proud Bharatiya, RSS, Himachali, किसान पुत्र, PM Shri Narendra Modi Followed Me, Tweets are personal Views, RT≠ endorsement, Please contribute 2 1 7103
@LkChahar Lokesh Chahar State Secretary Bjym Rajasthan. Member Of Telephone Advisory Committee, Govt Of India. Honoured To Be Followed By PM Shri Narendra Modi 2 5 9428
@MahaveerM_ Mahaveer Mehta Proud Indian | Nation First | Hindu | Jain | Modinomics| Bharat Mata Ki Jai | Now UCC | 2 Child Policy | Blessed 2 B Followed by PM
@NarendraModi 86 135 79.1K
@manishkapadiya Manish Kapadiya Senate Member #VNSGU
IT Cell

Ex President #BJYMSurat
Youth Leader
Follow by Our PM Shree
@narendramodiManish Kapadiya 3 5778
@manji_ahir Manji Ahir कार्यकर्ता BJP । सदस्य – #MGNREGA काउन्सिल गुजरात सरकार। अध्यक्ष – नरेंद्र मोदी फेन क्लब – कच्छ । पंडित दीनदयाल उपाध्याय स्मुति न्यास-कच्छ। माधव फाउन्डेशन 2 7 7748
@manojsirsa Manoj Dil se Bhartiya, theth deshi, moderate, seedhi baat, Sickulars dur rahe, Vande Matram, Tweets are personal, RTs not endorsement 1 34.7K
@modivanibharat Sanyam Jain 0% Attitude •||• 0% Ego •||• 100% NATIONALISM Proud Hindu Nationalist •||• India First •||• Blessed to be followed by PM
Ji•|| “जो है सो है” 5 11 23.7K
@monicanitin MiNi चलो चले हम प्रगती पथ पर मोदी जी के साथ । Proud Indian blessed to be followed by PM #Modi. 9905
@MukeshPathakji Mukesh Pathak #Beekeeper. #FabaHoney
#lopak #लोपक। मोदी युग का भाजपा सिपाही। Proud to be followed by PM Sri
ji 6 5 2454
@NagpurKaRajini SuperStar Raj Life is a river let it flow accept the good,bad and the ugly. TamBram Born in MamajiRoxx’s State, Brought up at Sanghi HQ, Worked In Mum,Hyd,Bangalore,Mad-Ras 16 26 10.3K
@NaIna0806 Naina Idealist ! Nationalist ! Writer !Political Junkie! Digital Marketing! Spirituality!
Being Human ! Humbled to be followed by PM 38 62 64.4K
@nanditathhakur नंदिता ठाकुर Proud Nationalist Hindu ll Social Media Influencer and activist ll karyakarta @ Bharatiya Janta Party 2 16 206.8K
@NeenaRai Neena Rai Bookworm. Writer. Columnist. Artist. Student of Sanskrit. Yoga Enthusiast. Ex Model. Alumna IIMC. Followed by the world’s greatest democratic leader. 43 40 17.1K
@nutan_jyot Jyotsna Varma A staunch Hindu proud of my rich culture,ardent supporter of PM.Blessed to be followed by respected ModiJi. Tweets echo my personal views. No DM please. 2 4 15.3K
@piyushfofandi Piyush Fofandi President:Seafood Exporter Association of India, Gujarat RegionEx Zonal Head : BJP Samvad Cell 0 5 10.8K
@PrinceArihan Savio Rodrigues Author at Karmic Ishq, Founder & Editor-in-Chief at Goa Chronicle and Indian Expose, Political Strategist & Advisor 1K 2.3K 34.7K
@pujatiwariBJP Puja Tiwari Mgmt IT Consultant/Ex-McKinsey/#TEDx Speaker/#NLP/जनसंघ परिवार/Blogger/Socio-Political Analyst/Panelist 52 44 16.9K
@pundreekmishra Pundreek Mishra जिला संयोजक आईटी, प्रतापगढ़ एवं सदस्य, डिस्ट्रिक्ट इ गवेर्नंस सोसाइटी,उ0प्र0 सरकार 2 3 1341
@rajamaka Bharat Sanghvi #ISupportCAA Honoured & Blessed to be Followed by PM Shri
@Narendramodi ji & BJP Party President & Home Mini Shri Amit Shah ji | A Proud NaMo supporter 29 38 10.8K
@rajesh188 Rajesh kumar R #ModiOnceMore
Member of NMY (Narendra Modi Youth) diehard fan of Narendra Bhai Damodardas Modi ji, i want to see Modi ji as PM in 2014. 0 0 5784
@rajeshyadavRF Rajesh Yadav RF Engineer. Small & new inspirational ideas can bring a good & big CHANGE in you. Glad that PM @NarendraModi follows me. 2 4 3462
@RatnaniHitesh હિતેશ રતનાણી Software Engineer | Wanna be Chef| Proud Indian| ગરવી ગુજરાતી
•Views are strictly Personal•RTs NOT Endorsements•
Followed by PM Shri @narendramodi 0 1 1158
@RitaG74 Rita Former presenter at All India Radio.
Nationalist, independent, proud army wife.
RTs are not endorsements. 44 67 60.5K
@rulhania Rakesh Raipuria || हरियाणवीं || देशी || भोलेनाथ का भक्त || 0 1 10.2K
@SandeepN9NE Sandeep Gandotra Creator of a DREAM –
Serial Entrepreneur… still sailing! Every hiccough leaves me more learned and experienced! 0 1 4235
@shikhadeepsri Deepshikha Srivastava #राष्ट्रवादी,जय भारत!जय हिंद! जिलाप्रभारी IT&SM महिलामोर्चा भाजपा गुरुग्राम
व अध्यक्षा महिला काव्य मंच गुरुग्राम 8 13 520
@Shivam_h9 संवैधानिक डकैत Parallel Point of view, Alternative Reading, RT’s aren’t endorsement! 31 58 9715
@SiddharthSingh0 Siddharth Singh Blessed to be followed by PM @narendramodi Support #BJP #RSS #ModiHaiTohMumkinHai #NewIndia #IndiaSupportsCAA 1 1 23K
@Si_lv_er Silver कर्ता करे न कर सकै, शिव जो करैं सो होय । तीन लोक नौ खंड में, #महाकाल से बड़ा ना कोय ।। #जय_महाकाल 5 13 4629
@SMedia4 ShanoVaruna Navy Veteran.Marine,Aero Engineer,IT consultant. Respect doctors,Soldiers,Policemen 1 3 6628
@sona2905 Daughter of a Refugee Entrepreneur, Traveller, photographer, interested in history, architecture, studying ancient Indian scriptures.. write for & 5 10 23.3K
@SouleFacts Oxomiya Jiyori Honoured to be followed by PM Narendra Modi ji. Nationalist from Assam, #IndiaFirst, hates traitor, Follow me at ur own risk. No personal question. 30 48 42.3K
@sri9011 Good Governance Tweets-my.personal views RTs/Quotes/Likes not endorsements. Support PM
@NarendraModi ji
Fan of @Boxerpanghal & @PVSindhu1 1 9 17.3K
@TheAshokSingh Ashok Singh Politically incorrect, #BJP member,After #Mission272 #Modi2019 next #Modi2024,supports @narendramodi & PUTIN🇷🇺,CAA,NRC ,Followed by resp PM of India 88 85 10.5K
@ThePoojaSingh1 Pooja Singh Proud Bharathiya| Proud Hindu| |Social Worker | Rts are not endorsements 447 765 15.2K
@thevaibhavag VAIBHAV Aggarwal #BJPLeader #Entrepreneur #6Sigma #Columnist #Spokesperson #MediaCeleb #Xavierian/ Follwed by PM | / 1 1 54.7K
@umanathtrip Uma Nath Tripathi working with startups | entrepreneur | digital media | skill to excellence 0 0 2236
@upma23 Upma Proud Indian , Proud Hindu , RT is not Endorsement.
#MyIndia #NationFirst 36 70 143.3K
@vikingthakkar Vijay Thakkar Single simple honest man; a happy curious soul. An apolitical Indian disillusioned wth #OutOnBail, #DivideAndFoolCongress. जोभी प्यार से मिला हम उसी के हो लिये। 1 1 4729
@vinkumadhok Radhika On Twitter only to be a part of Modi army who wants him back as PM for 2019. My PM Modi following me on Twitter is my biggest achievement so far. 2 3 8631

Liberal voices critical of the ruling party are frequently targeted by the supporters of the BJP on various social media platforms. This takes different forms like online abuse, misinformation campaigns and calls for a mass boycott of products. In the past, Alt News has documented such targetted online attacks. Similarly, the spread of misinformation about ‘Chhapaak’, aimed at sabotaging its commercial prospects was triggered by actor Deepika Padukone’s support to JNU. In this case, Alt News found a disturbing pattern – a large number of individuals who indulged in spreading misinformation were followed by PM Modi on Twitter. In 2017, Alt News published a report earlier, documenting the toxic online behaviour of accounts followed by the Prime Minister on Twitter. Many of them indulge in online abuse and often spread misinformation of communal nature, targeting political opponents. Unfortunately, the Prime Minister continues to follow them despite this being brought to his attention.

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