How Twitterati followed by PM Modi spread misinformation about Deepika Padukone’s ‘Chhapaak’

On the eve of January 7, Bollywood actor Deepika Padukone visited Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), expressing solidarity with the students injured in the JNU attack of January 5. A section of individuals on social media criticised the actor, terming her move a publicity stunt for her latest release ‘Chhapaak,’ a film inspired by the life story of acid attack survivor Laxmi Aggarwal.

Soon after, #BoycottChhapaak started trending with the claim that the film gave Aggarwal’s perpetrator, Naeem Khan, a Hindu identity. On January 8, Alt News reported that the allegation was false.

A disturbing trend emerged when we analysed several of the Twitter accounts that put out the said misinformation. A large section of them was anonymous users followed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi along with BJP office-bearers. Alt News found over 80 Twitter users followed by PM Modi who shared targeted misinformation about ‘Chhapaak.’

BJP leaders/ office-bearers

On January 8, the official Twitter account of BJP Jammu and Kashmir tweeted (archive link) that the party’s state president seeks an apology from Deepika Padukone for “backstabbing” the nation for standing with “tukde tukde gang”.

BJP Rajya Sabha MP Subramanian Swamy tweeted (archive link) that the “name change” amounts to defamation if found to be true.

BJP member Nandita Thakur tweeted (archive link), “If Its based on real story why change Name of the villian of the real story ?? Basheer Khan is also not acceptable.”

Jawahar Yadav, the Head of Publicity BJP Haryana, also tweeted (archive link) the trending misinformation. Piyush Fofandi, former zonal head at BJP Samvad Cell (as per his old Twitter bio which was later edited) posted (archive link) an image which said ‘Boycott Chhapaak’ and wrote, “The name of the person who did the acid attack was Nadeem but in the film it’s Rajesh. This mindset is behind to discrediting the Hindu. #बॉयकॉट_छपाक #boycottchhapaak”

[Translated from: एसिड अटैक में घायल लड़की पर तेजाब फैंकने बाला #नदीम नाम का लड़का था पर फिल्म में राजेश रखा है ।ये है उनकी मानसिकता हिन्दू को बदनाम करने की । #बॉयकॉट_छपाक  #boycottchhapaak]”

Similarly, Priyanka Sharma (archive link), a member of BJYM Howrah (as per Twitter bio) and Satish Maisuriya (archive link), Vice President Of Bhartiya Janta Party Yuva Morcho, Surat (as per bio) also tweeted misinformation about ‘Chhapaak.’

Prominent RW handles

On January 8, Prasanna Viswanathan, CEO of Swarajyamag, tweeted (archive link),The Ways Of Bollywood: In Deepika Padukone-Starer Chhapaak, Acid Attacker Naeem Khan Said To Have Become ‘Rajesh’” along with a link to an article on his publication. This was also tweeted (archive link) by Impreet Singh Bakshi, the National Secretary of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha (BJYM).

OpIndia’s Nupur Sharma tweeted, “If secularism means changing “Nadeem” to “Rajesh”, set secularism on fire.” Sharma has deleted the tweet, a screenshot is attached below. Similarly, Abhishek Banerjee who writes for OpIndia said in a tweet (archive link), “Liberals be like : When CAA is passed : We will all report ourselves as belonging to ‘secular’ religion to show solidarity. When Naeem throws acid on Laxmi’s face : Change the offender’s name to Rajesh.”

The editor-in-chief of Goa Chronicle Savio Rodrigues tweeted (archive link), “If Nadeem threw acid on the brave girl portrayed in the movie #Chhapaak in real life and it is a true story; then what happened you got scared of the Islamic radicals @deepikapadukone and named the culprit Rajesh because it easy to insult Hindus.”

Shefali Vaidya, columnist and BJP supporter, tweeted (archive link), “Waise why is the perpetrator who threw acid is called ‘Rajesh Sharma’ in that movie instead of Nadeem Khan, who was the REAL culprit who threw acid on Lakshmi Agarwal?”

Twitter user Gaurav Pradhan posted, “Laxmi Agarwal faced a brutal Acid attacked in 2005 in New Delhi by Nadeem Khan as she refused to marry him Question : Why in film @deepikapadukone changed the name “Nadeem Khan” to Hindu name “Rajesh”? Shameless Hindus will still watch film and clap.” Pradhan is a familiar name in the misinformation ecosystem. In 2018, Alt News published a report documenting the several instances of misinformation put out by him. Pradhan’s account was recently suspended by Twitter.

@RitaG74, former presenter at All India Radio (as per Twitter bio), tweeted (archive link), “Laxmi Aggarwal-A 15 year old school going girl in Delhi. Wanted to be a singer. 32 year old Nadeem Khan approached her for marriage. She rejected. Angry Nadeem Khan threw acid on her face. Laxmi’s story attracted Bollywood. Nadeem’s name changed to Rajesh #NameItLikeBolllywood”

Makarand R Paranjape, the director of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, quote-tweeted Shefali Vaidya and said, “The politics of naming in Bollywood is insidious, if not viciously anti-Hindu. But will @deepikapadukone speak out against it? Paranjape later deleted this tweet. Another account @TruelyMoica (archive link) also put out misinformation. 

Anonymous users

Several accounts that spread misinformation about the film were anonymous. The followers of these users range from a few hundred to several thousand, however together their reach is significant.

Twitter user @erbmjha, who has shared misinformation in the past, said (archive link), “1. Article 15 They turn the accused into BRAHMINS 2. Padmavat They hurt their cultural sentiments related to the respectable Rani Padmini 3. Chhapaak They changed Acid attackers name from “Nadeem” to “Rajesh” Bollywood to defame Hindus has to end.”

@Lala_The_Don tweeted (archive link), “A friend of mine who works in Bollywood told me that #Chappak dialogues are getting changed overnight and Rajesh will be renamed to Bashir before release. This is people’s power. We won! People won! Jai Hind.” This retweeted at least 1,400 times. @Lala_The_Don regularly shares posts by Political Keda, a platform that has been featured on Alt News several times for misinformation and propaganda favouring the BJP.

Similarly, @HDL_Global, in which HDL stands for Hindu Defense League, tweeted (archive link), “We won’t say boycott @deepikapadukone for her solidarity with anti Hindu brigade but #BoycottChapak for they changed the character of Nadeem to Rajesh just to defame Hindus and have no spine to stand against Islamists,” on January 8. The account regularly shared provocative tweets.

The entire list of 84 individuals along with the archived links of their tweets can be viewed below or in a PDF file here.

Twitter handle Twitter user name Twitter Bio Tweet Archive Link Rts Likes Followers
@BJP4JnK BJP J&K https://twitter.com/BJP4JnK/status/1215256227715801090 https://archive.is/hV4Kj 68 207 49.9k
@impreetsbakshi Impreet Singh Bakshi ਇਮਪ੍ਰੀਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਬਖ਼ਸ਼ੀ National Secretary @BJYM
Incharge of @bjym4chd
https://twitter.com/impreetsbakshi/status/1214913352180236288 https://archive.is/ohldL 3 15 9k
@jawaharyadavbjp Jawahar Yadav Former Chairman Haryana Housing Board. Former OSD to Hon’ble C.M @mlkhattar
प्रचार प्रमुख @BJP4Haryana
https://twitter.com/jawaharyadavbjp/status/1214896770553020416 https://archive.is/IvlPP 88 277 32.2k
@MakrandParanspe Makarand R Paranjape Director of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla https://twitter.com/MakrandParanspe/status/1214906496128933888 https://archive.is/atcoJ 66 215 56.6k
@TrulyMonica Monica Spokeperson, Ex journalist https://twitter.com/TrulyMonica/status/1215165084940427264 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/TrulyMonica/status/1215165084940427264 14 65 30k
@piyushfofandi Piyush Fofandi President : Seafood Exporter Association of India. Gujarat Region.
Ex Zonal Head : BJP Samvad Cell,
https://twitter.com/piyushfofandi/status/1214790744289923072 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/piyushfofandi/status/1214790744289923072 5 9 10.9k
@prasannavishy Prasanna Viswanathan CEO Swarajya Magazine https://twitter.com/prasannavishy/status/1214872210239700993 https://archive.is/CBbg4 293 491 105.3k
@Priyankabjym Priyanka Sharma BYJM BJP https://twitter.com/Priyankabjym/status/1214864121637654531 https://archive.is/my1Mh 72 207 11k
@RitaG74 Rita🇮🇳 Former presenter at All India Radio https://twitter.com/RitaG74/status/1214891071097847808 https://archive.is/3inLC 44 67 60.5k
@satishmaisuriya Satish Maisuriya🇮🇳 Vice President Of Bhartiy Janta Party Yuva Morcho – Surat City https://twitter.com/satishmaisuriya/status/1214921365540786176 https://archive.is/4PMAu 2 1 3.5k
@ShefVaidya Shefali Vaidya Author, Satirist, Speaker. Fellow-Ananta Leadership Program, Convenor-Indic Academy. Love Travel, Temples And Textiles. Mum to triplets. Indian. Hindu. Woman https://twitter.com/ShefVaidya/status/1214865580198514691 https://archive.is/unZHt 6.26 14k 457k
@Swamy39 Subramanian Swamy Rajya Sabha MP, Fmr. Union Cabinet Minister, Harvard Ph.D in Economics; Professor, BJP National Exec. member, I give as good as I get https://twitter.com/Swamy39/status/1214878673150459904 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/Swamy39/status/1214878673150459904 21.4k 60.3k 8.4M
@VikashPreetam Vikash Preetam Sinha Co Incharge -National Publicity Literature Dept @BJP4India
, Advocate @Supreme Court
https://twitter.com/VikashPreetam/status/1214875671186423809 https://archive.is/UIyTN 206 445 17.2k
@01Karn Karn Blogger~Nation 1st~Photography/Guitar lover~Engineer~RW~Bihari~Folk Artist(Mithila Painting)~Followed by PM Modi & HM Amit Shah~Team Epostmortem https://twitter.com/01Karn/status/1214955963859513344 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/01Karn/status/1214955963859513344 1 1 13k
@AbhishBanerj Abhishek Asst Prof (Math),IISc Bangalore.Views personal,Blog https://bit.ly/2FsGXvk/ Columns @MyNation
@Opindia_com
https://twitter.com/AbhishBanerj/status/1214856015105015809 https://web.archive.org/web/20200111134027/https://twitter.com/AbhishBanerj/status/1214856015105015809 164 396 23k
@AjaySengar_ कुंवर अजयप्रताप सिंह ।।जय बालाजी।। ।।गोविंदा गोविंदा।। By Profession #CA_Finalist Honoured to be Followed by PM @narendramodi
ji & HM @amitshah
ji.. RTs Not Endorsement..
https://twitter.com/AjaySengar_/status/1214847106990501890 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/AjaySengar_/status/1214847106990501890 601 1.1k 60.9k
@Amitguj281983 Amit Gujarathi Doctor/Medical teacher/ #NaMo for PM
@BJP4India
#ModiDobara #AbkiBaPhirseModiSarkar #NewIndia. blessed to be followed by our PM
@narendramodi
https://twitter.com/Amitguj281983/status/1214850567467462658 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/Amitguj281983/status/1214850567467462658 0 1 1772
@archu243 Archie Proud Indian | Hyper Nationalist | Sapiosexual | Honoured to be followed by NaMo https://twitter.com/archu243/status/1214937219124858883 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/archu243/status/1214937219124858883 26 55 24.8K
@AskTamal Tamal Das Proud to be followed by Shri
@NarendraModi
Support #CAA #NRC #UCC, Population Policy, River Linking Projects, Ram Mandir
https://twitter.com/AskTamal/status/1214870095618424834 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/AskTamal/status/1214870095618424834 0 2 4831
@athavale_abhi Abhi Athavale Proud of my Army, |Don’t abuse my Army and Nation| Idols J.R.D & R.Tata. Modi follower|proud to be
followed by
@narendramodi @nsitharamanoffc @PiyushGoyalOffc
https://twitter.com/athavale_abhi/status/1214883993436344321 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/athavale_abhi/status/1214883993436344321 0 1 4142
@bhawana_pal Bhawana Pal Seeker. Ex NCC Cadet. Honoured 2 b followed by dear PM
@NarendraModi
ji
@tajinderbagga@kapilmishra_IND
https://twitter.com/bhawana_pal/status/1214859541558386688 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/bhawana_pal/status/1214859541558386688 1 5996
@binugazi binugazi NAMO in २०१९ President Police Medal For Gallantry awardee for his role in elimnating top notch militant leader Gazi Baba.Followed by
@narendramodi
PM .Kashmir. politics
https://twitter.com/binugazi/status/1214881122770804737 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/binugazi/status/1214881122770804737 2224
@chintanvedant #साहेब Truth speaker , Follow for daily motivation , success story https://twitter.com/chintanvedant/status/1214849309876686848 https://web.archive.org/save/https:/twitter.com/chintanvedant/status/1214849309876686848 7 8 16.9K
@Dev_Jurix ॐDevendra卐Sharmaॐ Advocate, against Colonial Institutions, Ex-Nat.Gen.Secretary BJMM, BJP. Honoured to be followed by Sh.Modiji https://twitter.com/Dev_Jurix/status/1214890271474741254 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/Dev_Jurix/status/1214890271474741254 3 7 4343
@Deveshvari Esha Agerwala हवा हूँ, हवा मैं बसंती हवा हूँ। बड़ी बावली हूं बड़ी मस्तमौला…. The essence of free spirit carrying the fragrance of Bharat ki Mitti, eternally… https://twitter.com/Deveshvari/status/1214870232830894080 https://web.archive.org/save/https:/twitter.com/Deveshvari/status/1214870232830894080 1 2 9886
@Dishasatra Sabudana khichadi Stag entry. Eyebrow obsessed. Nutrition Counsellor. Fashion aficionado. https://twitter.com/Dishasatra/status/1214874057419550720 https://archive.is/X2nyM 79 222 30.6K
@DrGPradhan #GauravPradhan Comments w/o Prejudice #DataScience, #DigitalTransformation, #SMAC, Cyber Warfare, Global Top 100CIO, Gartner Top10 CIO, Social Entrepreneur, Founder
@GPFLive
https://twitter.com/DrGPradhan/status/1214807564388405250 https://archive.is/8v2mW 6.5K 11.7K 191.7k
@DrSRaghavachari Dr. Suchitra Raghavachari Public policy, Science-Technology, economy, education
-Nature, arts, sports
-Medical practitioner
-‘Ekam sat vipra bhahuda vadanthi’
-‘Sarve bhavanthu sukinah’
https://twitter.com/DrSRaghavachari/status/1214864153317216257 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/DrSRaghavachari/status/1214864153317216257 2058
@erbmjha BALA Concerned with something non-essential, buffoon & writer. I utter mocking or scoffing words. https://twitter.com/erbmjha/status/1214844527485177856 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/erbmjha/status/1214844527485177856 1.3K 2.5K 46.5K
@ExSecular #SupportCAA Distributer of Azaadi https://twitter.com/ExSecular/status/1214839007617486849 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/ExSecular/status/1214839007617486849 280 565 77.2K
Gautam Tanwar Gautam Tanwar | Nationalist🇮🇳 | Swayamsevak| Social Activist | Blessed To Be Followed By PM @narendramodi Ji | Dist. In charge (Social Media) BJP IT Department, Pali https://twitter.com/GautamTanwar_/status/1214908716622811136 https://archive.is/7cyr6 4 17 6863
@HDL_Global Hindu Defense League Global Handle of #HDL , Managed by
@ihvinod
https://twitter.com/HDL_Global/status/1214893493350305792 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/HDL_Global/status/1214893493350305792 8 28 54.5K
@iam_manojgoenka Manoj Goenka Hardcore NaMo supporter, Followed by PM
@NarendraModi
ji, Follow me to support NaMo . RT not endorsement. #Nationalist, Love My India. Mission #Modi2024
https://twitter.com/iam_manojgoenka/status/1215232016397955072 https://web.archive.org/save/https:/twitter.com/iam_manojgoenka/status/1215232016397955072 2 7054
@iambmane Bhavesh S Mane Social Media Strategist ● Featured in
@TOIIndiaNews@ThePuneMirror
● Headed SM of Gujarat Election 2017 ● Proud Indian ● Followed by प्रधानसेवक
@Narendramodi

https://twitter.com/iambmane/status/1214935648341245952 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/iambmane/status/1214935648341245952 29 35 13.2K
@iamVaridha Varisha {इस हैंडल पर पॉलिटिक्स , ह्यूमर और मेमे के साथ बकैती उपलब्ध करायी जाएगी} #CATFISH https://twitter.com/iamVaridha/status/1214803959208038400 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/iamVaridha/status/1214803959208038400 325 895 9675
@ihardikshah Hardik Shah // Social Media Activist Followed By PM
@narendramodi
ji // A Big Fan of Our National President
@AmitShah
//
@bjp4gujarat@bjp4india

https://twitter.com/ihardikshah/status/1215145864211107840 https://web.archive.org/save/https:/twitter.com/ihardikshah/status/1215145864211107840 5387
@ihiteshbansal Hitesh Bansal Social Media | Media Monitoring | Reputation Management | Right Wing Enthusiast | Nature ❤️| Learner from Life | Followed by the Honorable PM
@narendramodi
ji
https://twitter.com/ihiteshbansal/status/1214818173645508608 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/ihiteshbansal/status/1214818173645508608 4 7 8900
@iPrabhakarSingP कूँवर प्रभाकर सिंह परिहार Nationalist | Socialists | BJP | Software Engineer |Blessed by
@narendramodi
ji
@AmitShah
ji
@girirajsinghbjp
ji
@KailashOnline
ji
@nstomar
ji
#IndiaSupportsCAA
https://twitter.com/iPrabhakarSingP/status/1214922115356315649 https://web.archive.org/save/https:/twitter.com/iPrabhakarSingP/status/1214922115356315649 2 4 34.9K
@iSurjeetSharma Surjeet Sharma | Sayamsevak | Honored to be followed by Hon’ble PM
@narendramodi
Ji | Hindu Religion, Culture, National Security n Politics. | Tweets with Facts | Engineer |
https://twitter.com/iSurjeetSharma/status/1214822996273192960 https://archive.is/4qPqz 39 31 2977
@jeetensingh Jeetendra Singh स्वतंत्रता सेनानीयों का पुत्र और पौत्र। ✴️प्रधानमंत्री के फोल्लोविंग से सम्मानित हूं।
✴️प्रधानमंत्री श्री
@narendramodi
जी पर गर्व है।
https://twitter.com/jeetensingh/status/1214854256236195842 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/jeetensingh/status/1214854256236195842 277 450 80.8K
@jothishnair1010 JOTHISH NAIR Followed by #PrimeMinister
@narendramodi
Writer from the Green Metropolis #Trivandrum. Screen Play, Film Writer. Ancient/Political History.
https://twitter.com/jothishnair1010/status/1214877569763311617 https://web.archive.org/web/20200111130946/https://twitter.com/jothishnair1010/status/1214877569763311617 6 3 10K
@krithikasivasw krithika sivaswamy a Hindu,Tamil, Indian Entrepreneur from Chennai! Carnatic music, Bharatanatyam, wildlife conservation freak. Well, honoured to be followed by Modiji https://twitter.com/krithikasivasw/status/1214891464208990208 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/krithikasivasw/status/1214891464208990208 154 475 21.9K
@Kuldeep78328755 Kuldeep Singh Nationalist…
followed by
@narendramodi
ji
Rts not endorsement..
https://twitter.com/Kuldeep78328755/status/1214832362107703297 https://web.archive.org/web/20200111131042/https://twitter.com/Kuldeep78328755/status/1214832362107703297 2 693
@Lala_The_Don Lä Lä Correct me if i do any Sapling wrong. HMP https://twitter.com/Lala_The_Don/status/1214895431194300416 https://archive.is/vudob 1.4k 4.5k 26.1K
@Life4India अंकुश A Proud Bharatiya, RSS, Himachali, किसान पुत्र, PM Shri Narendra Modi Followed Me, Tweets are personal Views, RT≠ endorsement, Please contribute https://twitter.com/Life4India/status/1215014952093634560 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/Life4India/status/1215014952093634560 2 1 7103
@LkChahar Lokesh Chahar State Secretary Bjym Rajasthan. Member Of Telephone Advisory Committee, Govt Of India. Honoured To Be Followed By PM Shri Narendra Modi https://twitter.com/LkChahar/status/1214833106177404928 https://web.archive.org/web/20200111131256/https://twitter.com/LkChahar/status/1214833106177404928 2 5 9428
@MahaveerM_ Mahaveer Mehta Proud Indian | Nation First | Hindu | Jain | Modinomics| Bharat Mata Ki Jai | Now UCC | 2 Child Policy | Blessed 2 B Followed by PM
@NarendraModi
https://twitter.com/MahaveerM_/status/1214823105169780737 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/MahaveerM_/status/1214823105169780737 86 135 79.1K
@manishkapadiya Manish Kapadiya Senate Member #VNSGU
IT Cell
@BJP4GujaratMan.Committee
@SGCCI

Ex President #BJYMSurat
Convenor
@GPBS8
SG.
Youth Leader
Follow by Our PM Shree
@narendramodiManish Kapadiya

https://twitter.com/manishkapadiya/status/1214797452424826880 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/manishkapadiya/status/1214797452424826880 3 5778
@manji_ahir Manji Ahir कार्यकर्ता BJP । सदस्य – #MGNREGA काउन्सिल गुजरात सरकार। अध्यक्ष – नरेंद्र मोदी फेन क्लब – कच्छ । पंडित दीनदयाल उपाध्याय स्मुति न्यास-कच्छ। माधव फाउन्डेशन https://twitter.com/manji_ahir/status/1215070080561631232 https://web.archive.org/web/20200111131628/https://twitter.com/manji_ahir/status/1215070080561631232 2 7 7748
@manojsirsa Manoj Dil se Bhartiya, theth deshi, moderate, seedhi baat, Sickulars dur rahe, Vande Matram, Tweets are personal, RTs not endorsement https://twitter.com/manojsirsa/status/1214882943879065600 https://archive.is/6unYR 1 34.7K
@modivanibharat Sanyam Jain 0% Attitude •||• 0% Ego •||• 100% NATIONALISM Proud Hindu Nationalist •||• India First •||• Blessed to be followed by PM
@narendramodi
Ji•|| “जो है सो है”
https://twitter.com/modivanibharat/status/1214834827578478592 https://web.archive.org/web/20200111132845/https://twitter.com/modivanibharat/status/1214834827578478592 5 11 23.7K
@monicanitin MiNi चलो चले हम प्रगती पथ पर मोदी जी के साथ । Proud Indian blessed to be followed by PM #Modi. https://twitter.com/monicanitin/status/1214832319225159683 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/monicanitin/status/1214832319225159683 9905
@MukeshPathakji Mukesh Pathak #Beekeeper. #FabaHoney
#lopak #लोपक। मोदी युग का भाजपा सिपाही। Proud to be followed by PM Sri
@narendramodi
ji
https://twitter.com/MukeshPathakji/status/1214895555605745665 https://archive.is/7FwNb 6 5 2454
@NagpurKaRajini SuperStar Raj Life is a river let it flow accept the good,bad and the ugly. TamBram Born in MamajiRoxx’s State, Brought up at Sanghi HQ, Worked In Mum,Hyd,Bangalore,Mad-Ras https://twitter.com/NagpurKaRajini/status/1214797437908348928 https://web.archive.org/save/https://twitter.com/NagpurKaRajini/status/1214797437908348928 16 26 10.3K
@NaIna0806 Naina Idealist ! Nationalist ! Writer !Political Junkie! Digital Marketing! Spirituality!
Opinionated!
Being Human ! Humbled to be followed by PM
https://twitter.com/NaIna0806/status/1214858003687464961 https://archive.is/kntFk 38 62 64.4K
@nanditathhakur नंदिता ठाकुर Proud Nationalist Hindu ll Social Media Influencer and activist ll karyakarta @ Bharatiya Janta Party https://twitter.com/nanditathhakur/status/1215149210233782272 https://archive.is/eyIs9 2 16 206.8K
@NeenaRai Neena Rai Bookworm. Writer. Columnist. Artist. Student of Sanskrit. Yoga Enthusiast. Ex Model. Alumna IIMC. Followed by the world’s greatest democratic leader. https://twitter.com/NeenaRai/status/1214888416388665345 https://archive.is/S516z 43 40 17.1K
@nutan_jyot Jyotsna Varma A staunch Hindu proud of my rich culture,ardent supporter of PM.Blessed to be followed by respected ModiJi. Tweets echo my personal views. No DM please. https://twitter.com/nutan_jyot/status/1215192720374820865 https://archive.is/7Z1kD 2 4 15.3K
@piyushfofandi Piyush Fofandi President:Seafood Exporter Association of India, Gujarat RegionEx Zonal Head : BJP Samvad Cell https://twitter.com/piyushfofandi/status/1214828260103614464 https://archive.is/OCEZr 0 5 10.8K
@PrinceArihan Savio Rodrigues Author at Karmic Ishq, Founder & Editor-in-Chief at Goa Chronicle and Indian Expose, Political Strategist & Advisor https://twitter.com/PrinceArihan/status/1214885222556155905 https://archive.is/yvLtX 1K 2.3K 34.7K
@pujatiwariBJP Puja Tiwari Mgmt IT Consultant/Ex-McKinsey/#TEDx Speaker/#NLP/जनसंघ परिवार/Blogger/Socio-Political Analyst/Panelist https://twitter.com/pujatiwariBJP/status/1214826337052983298 https://archive.is/LkqGD 52 44 16.9K
@pundreekmishra Pundreek Mishra जिला संयोजक आईटी, प्रतापगढ़ एवं सदस्य, डिस्ट्रिक्ट इ गवेर्नंस सोसाइटी,उ0प्र0 सरकार https://twitter.com/pundreekmishra/status/1214851103356903424 https://archive.is/0epUH 2 3 1341
@rajamaka Bharat Sanghvi #ISupportCAA Honoured & Blessed to be Followed by PM Shri
@Narendramodi ji & BJP Party President & Home Mini Shri Amit Shah ji | A Proud NaMo supporter
https://twitter.com/rajamaka/status/1214819044806680576 https://archive.is/hdI99 29 38 10.8K
@rajesh188 Rajesh kumar R #ModiOnceMore
Member of NMY (Narendra Modi Youth) diehard fan of Narendra Bhai Damodardas Modi ji, i want to see Modi ji as PM in 2014.
https://twitter.com/rajesh188/status/1214945114142855168 https://archive.is/HTIAc 0 0 5784
@rajeshyadavRF Rajesh Yadav RF Engineer. Small & new inspirational ideas can bring a good & big CHANGE in you. Glad that PM @NarendraModi follows me. https://twitter.com/rajeshyadavRF/status/1214907809789136898 https://archive.is/dM03I 2 4 3462
@RatnaniHitesh હિતેશ રતનાણી Software Engineer | Wanna be Chef| Proud Indian| ગરવી ગુજરાતી
•Views are strictly Personal•RTs NOT Endorsements•
Followed by PM Shri @narendramodi
https://twitter.com/RatnaniHitesh/status/1214824502565076992 https://archive.is/tJFit 0 1 1158
@RitaG74 Rita Former presenter at All India Radio.
Nationalist, independent, proud army wife.
RTs are not endorsements.
https://twitter.com/RitaG74/status/1214891071097847808 https://archive.is/3inLC 44 67 60.5K
@rulhania Rakesh Raipuria || हरियाणवीं || देशी || भोलेनाथ का भक्त || https://twitter.com/rulhania/status/1214861503435640832 https://archive.is/NyevE 0 1 10.2K
@SandeepN9NE Sandeep Gandotra Creator of a DREAM –
@N9NESTATIONERY
Serial Entrepreneur… still sailing! Every hiccough leaves me more learned and experienced!
https://twitter.com/SandeepN9NE/status/1214876817343033344 https://archive.is/3uSKp 0 1 4235
@shikhadeepsri Deepshikha Srivastava #राष्ट्रवादी,जय भारत!जय हिंद! जिलाप्रभारी IT&SM महिलामोर्चा भाजपा गुरुग्राम
व अध्यक्षा महिला काव्य मंच गुरुग्राम
https://twitter.com/shikhadeepsri/status/1214903206267895810 https://archive.is/4xxK6 8 13 520
@Shivam_h9 संवैधानिक डकैत Parallel Point of view, Alternative Reading, RT’s aren’t endorsement! https://twitter.com/Shivam_h9/status/1214833267788021760 https://archive.is/wgcbQ 31 58 9715
@SiddharthSingh0 Siddharth Singh Blessed to be followed by PM @narendramodi Support #BJP #RSS #ModiHaiTohMumkinHai #NewIndia #IndiaSupportsCAA https://twitter.com/SiddharthSingh0/status/1214877769047265281 https://archive.is/aNvPg 1 1 23K
@Si_lv_er Silver कर्ता करे न कर सकै, शिव जो करैं सो होय । तीन लोक नौ खंड में, #महाकाल से बड़ा ना कोय ।। #जय_महाकाल https://twitter.com/Si_lv_er/status/1215464218465488898 https://archive.is/y5r9z 5 13 4629
@SMedia4 ShanoVaruna Navy Veteran.Marine,Aero Engineer,IT consultant. Respect doctors,Soldiers,Policemen https://twitter.com/SMedia4/status/1214861472658055168 https://archive.is/qrqZF 1 3 6628
@sona2905 Daughter of a Refugee Entrepreneur, Traveller, photographer, interested in history, architecture, studying ancient Indian scriptures.. write for https://myind.net & https://newsnviews.online https://twitter.com/sona2905/status/1214829528813461504 https://archive.is/rt50m 5 10 23.3K
@SouleFacts Oxomiya Jiyori Honoured to be followed by PM Narendra Modi ji. Nationalist from Assam, #IndiaFirst, hates traitor, Follow me at ur own risk. No personal question. https://twitter.com/SouleFacts/status/1214846410295631872 https://archive.is/yMI5d 30 48 42.3K
@sri9011 Good Governance Tweets-my.personal views RTs/Quotes/Likes not endorsements. Support PM
@NarendraModi ji
Fan of @Boxerpanghal & @PVSindhu1
https://twitter.com/sri9011/status/1214858407846408193 https://archive.is/beIHf 1 9 17.3K
@TheAshokSingh Ashok Singh Politically incorrect, #BJP member,After #Mission272 #Modi2019 next #Modi2024,supports @narendramodi & PUTIN🇷🇺,CAA,NRC ,Followed by resp PM of India https://twitter.com/TheAshokSingh/status/1215201532993515520 https://archive.is/1x2wE 88 85 10.5K
@ThePoojaSingh1 Pooja Singh Proud Bharathiya| Proud Hindu| |Social Worker | Rts are not endorsements https://twitter.com/ThePoojaSingh1/status/1214816364449320961 https://archive.is/woFZt 447 765 15.2K
@thevaibhavag VAIBHAV Aggarwal #BJPLeader #Entrepreneur #6Sigma #Columnist #Spokesperson #MediaCeleb #Xavierian/ Follwed by PM | https://Fb.com/vaibhav.tiger / https://LinkedIn.com/in/vaibhavbb https://twitter.com/thevaibhavag/status/1215165870755938304 https://archive.is/2hYsZ 1 1 54.7K
@umanathtrip Uma Nath Tripathi working with startups | entrepreneur | digital media | skill to excellence https://twitter.com/umanathtrip/status/1214961868839604224 https://archive.is/rViSl 0 0 2236
@upma23 Upma Proud Indian , Proud Hindu , RT is not Endorsement.
#MyIndia #NationFirst
https://twitter.com/upma23/status/1214834496501010438 https://archive.is/UGCjM 36 70 143.3K
@vikingthakkar Vijay Thakkar Single simple honest man; a happy curious soul. An apolitical Indian disillusioned wth #OutOnBail, #DivideAndFoolCongress. जोभी प्यार से मिला हम उसी के हो लिये। https://twitter.com/vikingthakkar/status/1214915187217596417 https://archive.is/zdVXc 1 1 4729
@vinkumadhok Radhika On Twitter only to be a part of Modi army who wants him back as PM for 2019. My PM Modi following me on Twitter is my biggest achievement so far. https://twitter.com/vinkumadhok/status/1214855094224580608 https://archive.is/pxfMB 2 3 8631

Liberal voices critical of the ruling party are frequently targeted by the supporters of the BJP on various social media platforms. This takes different forms like online abuse, misinformation campaigns and calls for a mass boycott of products. In the past, Alt News has documented such targetted online attacks. Similarly, the spread of misinformation about ‘Chhapaak’, aimed at sabotaging its commercial prospects was triggered by actor Deepika Padukone’s support to JNU. In this case, Alt News found a disturbing pattern – a large number of individuals who indulged in spreading misinformation were followed by PM Modi on Twitter. In 2017, Alt News published a report earlier, documenting the toxic online behaviour of accounts followed by the Prime Minister on Twitter. Many of them indulge in online abuse and often spread misinformation of communal nature, targeting political opponents. Unfortunately, the Prime Minister continues to follow them despite this being brought to his attention.

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APA
Archit Mehta | Radio Free (2021-07-30T19:16:05+00:00) » How Twitterati followed by PM Modi spread misinformation about Deepika Padukone’s ‘Chhapaak’. Retrieved from https://www.radiofree.org/2020/02/14/how-twitterati-followed-by-pm-modi-spread-misinformation-about-deepika-padukones-chhapaak/.
MLA
" » How Twitterati followed by PM Modi spread misinformation about Deepika Padukone’s ‘Chhapaak’." Archit Mehta | Radio Free - Friday February 14, 2020, https://www.radiofree.org/2020/02/14/how-twitterati-followed-by-pm-modi-spread-misinformation-about-deepika-padukones-chhapaak/
HARVARD
Archit Mehta | Radio Free Friday February 14, 2020 » How Twitterati followed by PM Modi spread misinformation about Deepika Padukone’s ‘Chhapaak’., viewed 2021-07-30T19:16:05+00:00,<https://www.radiofree.org/2020/02/14/how-twitterati-followed-by-pm-modi-spread-misinformation-about-deepika-padukones-chhapaak/>
VANCOUVER
Archit Mehta | Radio Free - » How Twitterati followed by PM Modi spread misinformation about Deepika Padukone’s ‘Chhapaak’. [Internet]. [Accessed 2021-07-30T19:16:05+00:00]. Available from: https://www.radiofree.org/2020/02/14/how-twitterati-followed-by-pm-modi-spread-misinformation-about-deepika-padukones-chhapaak/
CHICAGO
" » How Twitterati followed by PM Modi spread misinformation about Deepika Padukone’s ‘Chhapaak’." Archit Mehta | Radio Free - Accessed 2021-07-30T19:16:05+00:00. https://www.radiofree.org/2020/02/14/how-twitterati-followed-by-pm-modi-spread-misinformation-about-deepika-padukones-chhapaak/
IEEE
" » How Twitterati followed by PM Modi spread misinformation about Deepika Padukone’s ‘Chhapaak’." Archit Mehta | Radio Free [Online]. Available: https://www.radiofree.org/2020/02/14/how-twitterati-followed-by-pm-modi-spread-misinformation-about-deepika-padukones-chhapaak/. [Accessed: 2021-07-30T19:16:05+00:00]
rf:citation
» How Twitterati followed by PM Modi spread misinformation about Deepika Padukone’s ‘Chhapaak’ | Archit Mehta | Radio Free | https://www.radiofree.org/2020/02/14/how-twitterati-followed-by-pm-modi-spread-misinformation-about-deepika-padukones-chhapaak/ | 2021-07-30T19:16:05+00:00
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