The human rights crisis under the US-backed dictatorship of Jovenel Moise has continued to widen and deepen with the proliferation of “Tonton Macoutes” style death squad repression across the country.
On October 2nd, 2020, university student leader, law student, and teacher-in-training Gregory Saint-Hilaire was shot in the back inside of the university by Jovenel Moise’s special security unit within the Haitian police that had illegally invaded the campus. Saint-Hilaire was an outspoken pro-democracy activist who had been calling upon students and faculty to denounce government corruption, massacres, and Haiti’s rapid descent into dictatorship. After being shot Saint-Hilaire was prevented from receiving medical care for 4 hours or more and died. The next day, university students accused the Haitian police of involvement in setting the school library on fire.
Gregory Saint-Hilaire’s murder came on the heels of the assassination of Monferrier Dorval, a well-respected Haitian lawyer, constitutional scholar, and head of the Port-au-Prince bar association, who was killed on August 28th, 2020, literally within hours of speaking out against the regime in a radio broadcast.
As noted by US Representative Maxine Waters in a powerful letter of protest directed to US Ambassador Michele Sison on October 5th, 2020, “Dorval had previously signed a statement denouncing more than two dozen presidential decrees signed by Moïse and calling for them to be recalled. Dorval’s murder followed the murder of at least two other prominent Haitians, Radio Caraibes host Frantz Adrien Bony and Haitian businessman Michel Saieh; all three were killed over a two-day period.”
Meanwhile, massacres, extrajudicial killings, and the burning of houses by the regime’s surrogate “G-9” death squad in popular, impoverished Port-au-Prince neighborhoods such as Sity Soleil, Lasalin, Tokyo, and Bel Air have become regular occurrences. G-9 refers to a highly armed network of paramilitary affiliates of the regime (labeled “gangs” in the media) led by former police officer Jimmy Cherizier, aka “Barbecue”. Even children and pregnant women have not been spared by the G-9 during these massacres. In Cite Soleil, on July 12th, 2020, Merijouna Fleurimont, an 8-month old baby, was shot in the head and killed by the G-9 death squad in the course of its assault on the community.
Two weeks later, also in Cite Soleil, 27-year old Gyrlande Polis, 8 months pregnant, was shot and killed by the G-9 death squad. Due to the lack of healthcare, her unborn baby also died. As with the notorious Lasalin massacre on November 13th, 2018– perpetrated by G-9 leader Cherizier along with paramilitary affiliates and police officers of the regime– these more recent massacres are targeting unarmed civilians in popular neighborhoods that are bases of Lavalas opposition to the regime. Lavalas is the mass movement for democracy and human rights in Haiti led by the poor majority.
Working-class women in popular neighborhoods are subjected to rape by regime forces as part of their war on the Haitian poor. One example among countless such crimes was the murder of Christella [last name witheld due to security concerns] on August 24th, 2020 in Lasalin. She resisted rape by a G9 death squad member and he shot her in the head in front of her child. This provoked outrage in the Haitian popular movement and social media, but received no coverage whatsoever here in the US media.
A video titled “Victims of the Regime of Jovenel Moise (2017 to present)” represents a “Say Their Names” musical tribute with the refrain “Na sonje (let’s remember).” It provides a partial list of the many killed by Jovenel Moise’s security forces. The video includes part of an interview with Gregory Saint-Hilaire.
While the regime has escalated its repression and killings, the US government has increased its level of funding for and provision of weapons to the regime’s US-trained police. As reported on August 31st, 2020 by the Center for Economic and Policy Research: “Earlier this month [August], the State Department notified Congress that it was reallocating $8 million from last year’s budget to support the HNP [Haitian National Police]. Since Trump took office, the US has nearly quadrupled its support to Haiti’s — from $2.8 million in 2016 to more than $12.4 million last year. With the recent reallocation, the figure this year will likely be even higher. US funding for the Haitian police constitutes more than 10 percent of the institution’s overall budget.”
The US government continues to provide key support for the regime, propping up its power despite massive, unyielding protests by the Haitian people. The US government continues to support the regime’s plan to hold illegitimate elections and maintain its death grip despite the fact that truly fair and free elections are impossible under such a regime.
Likewise, the UN continues to provide critical international support for the regime that is a malignant outgrowth of the US/ UN occupation of Haiti following the US-backed coup d’etat against President Aristide on February 29th, 2004. In an appalling statement, the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres credited “the strengthening of G9 control in parts of the [Port-au-Prince] metropolitan area”with an alleged reduction in intentional homicides of 12% between June 1 and August 31. Undoubtedly, the alleged reduction in “intentional homicides” does not include the victims of G-9 massacres like Gyrlande Polis. In contrast to the UN Secretary General’s whitewashing of the violence in Haiti, even The Washington Post noted on August 14th, 2020, that:
“But for his long-suffering countrymen, Cherizier’s G9 is evoking the horrors of the Tontons Macoutes, the government-backed paramilitaries that terrorized Haiti for decades under dictator François “Papa Doc” Duvalier and his son, Jean-Claude.”
The Haitian people are engaged in a life-and-death struggle for genuine human rights and national liberation. Now, more than ever, our solidarity is needed.
+ Michele Sison, US Ambassador to Haiti – phone: 011-509-2229-8000; email: firstname.lastname@example.org;
+ Michael Kozak, Acting Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Western Hemispheric Affairs, US State Dept – phone: 202-647-6575; email: email@example.com; tweet: @WHAAsstSecty
Demand that the UN Stop Supporting the G-9 Death Squad and the Dictatorship of Jovenel Moise!
+ UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres – phone: 212-963-1234; tweet: @antonioguterres
For more info, go to www.haitisolidarity.net
Report: The Lasalin Massacre and the Human Rights Crisis in Haiti. (2019, July 16); “Special Report: Massacres in Haiti” (April 14th, 2019) by Margaret Prescod.
 “State Department Awarded Contract to Politically Connected Security Firm” (2020, September 23).
 Ingrid Arnesen, A. (2020, August 18). “In Haiti, Coronavirus and a Man Named Barbecue Test the Rule of Law”Print